Venous system anomaly as a reason for misplacement of pacemaker lead (RCD code: IV­1C.1)

Zbigniew Gąsior, Katarzyna Mizia-Stec, Aleksandra Wilczek-Banc, Magdalena Mizia, Wojciech Walkowicz, Krzysztof S Gołba, Piotr Pysz

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Abstract


We present a case of a 45-year old patient with history of surgical ASD II closure and pacemaker  implantation who was only recently diagnosed with lead mispalcement due to anomalous venous return.

Keywords


atrial septal defect; anomalous venous return; rare disease; tachy-brady 

References


Therrien J, Webb GD. Congenital heart disease in adults In Braunwald E, Zipes DP, Libby P (Eds.): Heart disease: a textbook of cardiovascular medicine. WB Saunders, Philadelphia; 2001: 1592–1621.

Hayes DL, Zipes DP. Cardiac pacemakers and cardioverter-defibrillators In Braunwald E, Zipes DP, Libby P (Eds.): Heart disease: a textbook of cardiovascular medicine. WB Saunders, Philadelphia; 2001: 775–814.

Fisher W, Ritter Ph. Cardiac pacing in clinical practice. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg; 1998: 237–255.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20418%2Fjrcd.vol2no6.214

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